Prime Minister Kassim Majaliwa unveiled this intention to the inhabitants of Namapwiya and Nditi villages in Nachingwea district, Lindi region, who recently suffered the intrusion of elephants, causing loss of life as well as property and property. harvests.

The government was stepping up efforts to prevent insecurity near conservation areas, while strengthening wildlife sanctuaries and the environment, promising that victims of wildlife incursions would be supported with adequate food supplies.

President Samia has also approved the deployment of 6,000 guards in these outposts to control the movement of wild animals, he said, listing outposts to be built in nearby districts like Nditi in Nachingwea, Liwale in Liwale district and Milola in Ruangwa district.

He ordered the Nachingwea District Commissioner, in conjunction with the Disaster Relief Committee, to organize relief for the victims, including providing them with food, noting that the incursions are fueled by pastoralists invading the areas. conservation for pastures.

There is also an increase in economic activities in the protected areas, while such proximity disturbs some wild animals which end up wandering in the neighboring colonies, he explained, demanding that the Minister of Livestock and Fishing, Mashimba Ndaki, calls a meeting with herders “to make sure they don’t send their animals to protected areas.

Residents should avoid farming or other activities near protected areas as they could lose their crops to wildlife incursions, he said, pointing to a hotline 0800110067 for residents to report the intrusion of animals into colonies.

While in Nditi village, the Prime Minister visited the home of the late Riziki Issa, who died after being attacked by an elephant, to console the family. Mussa Nambole, a family member, praised the government’s concern over the incident.

MP for Nachingwea, Dr Amandus Chingwile, hailed the government for initiating sustainable strategies to control wildlife attacks in nearby settlements, pointing out that for years elephants and lions have caused people deep concern, fearing for their crops, their livestock or being directly attacked by wild beasts.

Scientists reported in the journal ‘Nature Communications’ last year that they had identified the areas most at risk of elephant and lion incursions in Africa, noting that investing in high-quality fencing reduces such intrusions.

Dr Enrico di Minin, lead author of the study at the Helsinki Laboratory for Interdisciplinary Conservation Sciences, pointed out that human pressure on elephants and lions was extremely high.

“We found that 82% of sites with lions and elephants in Africa are adjacent to areas of considerable human pressure,” he said.

“Areas at serious risk of conflict (defined as areas with high human, crop and livestock densities) represent 9% of the perimeter of the ranges of these species and are found in 18 countries. These areas are home to approximately 74 percent and 41 percent of African lion and elephant populations respectively, he said.

Conservationists consider African forest and savannah elephants ‘critically endangered’ and ‘endangered’ on the ‘red list’ of species revised annually by the International Conservation Union of the Wild (IUCN), while African lions are listed as ‘Vulnerable’.

Human activities pose the biggest threats to these species, especially retaliatory killings of lions in response to livestock losses and elephants in response to crop damage. Elephants and lions also kill tens to hundreds of people every year, scientists have admitted.

Another contributor, Professor Rob Slotow of the University of KwaZulu-Natal in South Africa, said the study found that elephants and lions are now more abundant in localities where human population density is the lowest. weaker.

Nationally, lion populations are higher in countries with higher conservation funding and elephant numbers are higher in countries with higher gross domestic product per capita, a- he declared.

“We also found that the high risk areas of conflict are mostly in East Africa and West Africa,” he added.

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